A report from the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said that wise use of antibiotics would reduce resistance to these drugs.
According to the FAO report, greater vigilance over the way antibiotics are used on farms is needed as there is a mounting evidence that food systems around the world may be major conduits of antimicrobial resistance.
The report called “Drivers, Dynamics and Epidemiology of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal Production” has been launched to mark the World Antibiotic Awareness Week.
It focuses on livestock, particularly pork and poultry, because future demand for animal-based protein is expected to accelerate intensive operations. Animals in close contact increase the potential incidence of resistant pathogens.
Vaccination and high biosecurity can help prevent resistance from emerging while prevention of food contamination and removal of bacteria from food chain can reduce transmission of resistant bacteria from animals to humans.
The report recommends support to more research on factors influencing how and why resistant bacteria become incorporated into human and animal gut microbiomes. It also calls for the creation of standardized monitoring procedures and databases in order to build risk-assessment models.