Crossbreeding is the opposite of inbreeding. It is the mating of different bloodlines to each other.
While inbreeding is meant to fix traits, crossbreeding is meant to add traits. Crossbreeding is made to combine the good qualities of two different brood fowl bloodlines.
Let’s say your game fowl has good gameness but in need of better cutting traits or endurance. You can add those needed traits in your next generation of game fowls by infusing new blood through crossbreeding.
There are three methods in crossbreeding game fowls, namely:
- STRAIGHT CROSS – In this method, two strains are mated. If one likes the power-speed blend of Ruble Hatch and Black Traveler, the two are crossed and the male offspring will take after the hens.
- THREE-WAY CROSS – A family of Kelso that cuts better in open sparring and needing more wallop or power hitting can be matched with an even cross like a Hatch-Claret and breed it over the Kelso hens. The progeny out of this mating will retain the desired traits of the Kelso, cutting ability of the Claret and the power of the Hatch.
- FOUR-WAY CROSS – Two straight crosses are matched like the mating of a Hatch-Claret to a Kelso-Roundhead cross. One sure thing to watch out for anyone who does crossbreeding is that crossbreeds or hybrids almost eventually pass along their worst genetic traits, so keep strict records so that dominant traits are kept within the crossed bloodlines and cull weak birds.